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GEOBLOCKING AND VERTICAL RESTRAINTS

Online purchase is increasing within the European Union (EU) with an annual growth rate of 22% and reaching a market share of 7% in the retail sector(1) . The e-commerce reduced the geographical barriers and led to a broader geographic scope for trade. Hence, internet distribution channels increase the access to consumers for retailers. 

The e-commerce sector inquiry of the European Commission in 2017(2)  noted that price transparency increased with on line trade as well...

14-09-2018

A recall by the CJEU that fundamental freedoms are still the heart of Europe

In its Judgement of 6 March 2018 the Court of Justice of the European Union (‘CJEU’) ruled that the new Hungarian legislation(1) (‘the Law’), which deprived anyone of their rights of usufruct if they did not demonstrate a close family tie(2) with the owner of agricultural land, was contrary to the European law. The CJEU recalls the fundamental principles and freedoms of Europe, in particular the rules of non-discrimination, freedom of establishment and the free movement of...

29-06-2018

La Blockchain, un enjeu de taille pour l’Afrique

Il a certainement dû vous arriver d’entendre ce mot abracadabrant « Blockchain ». Ce mot est sur les lèvres de beaucoup mais peu comprennent de quoi il retourne.

Ce mot aura probablement été prononcé dans une phrase qui arborait également le terme « Bitcoin » ou à tout le moins « crypto-monnaie ».

Vous aurez marqué un temps d’arrêt sur ces expressions ; peut-être aurez-vous placé un  peu convaincu: « j’en ai entendu...

18-01-2018

TAX RULINGS vs STATE AIDS

European Commission 1 – Ireland 0.

That title is normally used in sport games rather for than tax or competition issues. Nevertheless, it reflects the fact that the European Commission (the “Commission”), after its decision to refer Ireland to the Court of Justice of the European Union (the “ECJ”) for failing to recover illegal tax benefits from Apple on 4 October 2017, won the first round against Ireland.

Further to its decision of August 2016, the...

12-12-2017

A new Belgian law aiming at facilitating damages claims for competition law infringements

The Belgian law of 6 June 2017  (hereafter, the “Law”) transposes the ‘Damages Directive’ (Directive 2014/104/EU ), which aims to boost private enforcement of competition law in the European Union (“EU”) by guaranteeing that victims of competition law infringements can effectively introduce claims in the national jurisdictions of the Member States. The purpose of the Law is to remove some of the obstacles that claimants experience, such as proving the competition law infringement and...

05-07-2017

LES INCITANTS AUX INVESTISSEMENTS PRIVÉS EN RÉPUBLIQUE DU CAMEROUN

Herman Lemaire et Luca Roscini

Dans le prolongement de la « Charte des investissements  » et pour lui donner l’élan requis, la République du Cameroun s’est parée, avec la loi n°2013/004 du 18 avril 2013 fixant les incitations à l’investissement et ses textes d’application, d’un outil moderne et très ambitieux destiné à encourager l’investissement privé dans le but de pérenniser la croissance économique et la création de nouveaux emplois. Nous en analysons succinctement...

09-05-2017

Le cabinet ABlegal, une opportunité pour les entrepreneurs togolais

Une délégation de trente entrepreneurs de la Belgique et de Luxembourg a séjourné à Lomé du 24 au 26 avril dernier pour une mission de prospection économique. La délégation, conduite par Mme Cécile Jodogne, Secrétaire d'État bruxelloise en charge du Commerce extérieur, a rencontré le Premier ministre togolais, Klassou Sélom.

05-05-2017

COURT OF JUSTICE OPENS UP INTERNATIONAL JURISDICTION FOR ONLINE SALES

The Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) issued a ruling on 21 December 2016 (Case C-618/15) concerning jurisdiction to block sales on foreign websites. The CJEU ruled that a distributor can file a claim in his ‘domestic’ court for the damages suffered from online sales organized by websites operated in other Member States. This case involves a mix of selective distribution, online sales and the interpretation of the Brussels I Regulation (n° 44/2001).

Context:...

09-02-2017

Brexit: Implications in the field of competition law

On June 23, 2016, UK took the historic resolution to leave the EU which will be implemented by triggering Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty and by notifying the European Council of its intention.
EU competition rules are expected to continue to apply to UK until the end of the negotiation period upon reaching a withdrawal agreement acceptable for all 27 EU Member States and at least a two years’ timeframe, which could be extended by unanimous consent.
Although, it remains unclear...

04-10-2016

L’assurance vit en République Démocratique du Congo

Herman Lemaire et Luca Roscini AB LEGAL Bruxelles, Kinshasa, Lubumbashi, Yaoundé

1. A l’instar de la loi relative au secteur de l’électricité1, la loi n° 15/005 du 17 mars 2015 portant Code des assurances s’inscrit dans le cadre des réformes initiées par la République Démocratique du Congo en vue de libéraliser certaines activités économiques essentielles au développement du pays. L’ouverture du marché de l’assurance représente assurément un véhicule incontournable de croissance...

06-07-2016